Acne vulgaris is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit. It is characterized by the formation of non-inflammatory comedones and inflammatory papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts. Acne is extremely common and usually starts during the teenage years but can start for the first time in their 20s & 30s.
⦁ Infantile juvenile acne-Typical acne is occasionally seen in infants and children (especially boys), usually at 3-12 months of age. Although lesions subside after 4-5 years. Endocrine abnormalities are very rare but should be considered, especially in a girl with signs of virilism.
⦁ Late-onset acne -Some women develop acne in their twenties and beyond, often with marked premenstrual exacerbations. Endocrinological investigation is generally unrewarding, but polycystic ovary syndrome needs to be ruled out. The lesions usually involve the face, back, and chest. Severe inflammation may lead to scarring after healing. The psychological impact of acne can be tremendous & can lead to poor quality of life.
Treatment For Acne – Home Remedies
These are the home remedies for acne:
- Apple Cider Vinegar– it is applied by diluting in water in a 1:3 ratio. It has to be kept for 3 to 5 minutes and then wash off with water gently. If it causes any irritation decrease the time and increase the dilution and apply moisturizer (gel-based) after application.
- Zinc Supplements– it has to be taken in an oral form not to be applied topically as it has been seen that zinc levels are usually lower in acne patients.
- Tea Tree Oil– It has to be applied only over the lesions overnight for good results. Pure oil is very potent so always dilute with water in 1:9 dilution and then apply.
- Aloe Vera Gel– it helps in clearing acne and subside irritation and dryness also.
- Exfoliation– mix sugar/salt and coconut oil in equal parts or use any scrub to exfoliate but for 1-2 minutes only and then rinse. Aloe Vera gel can be applied after scrubbing or a honey cinnamon mask can be applied.
- Low Glycemic Index Food– foods with a high glycemic index include processed foods, such as white bread, sugary soft drinks, cake, doughnuts, pastries, candies, sugary breakfast cereals, and dairy products should be avoided. Food with a low glycemic index includes fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, and whole or minimally processed grains which is the preferred food for acne patients.
- Reduce Stress Levels– ways to reduce stress are to get more sleep, engage in physical activity, practice yoga, meditate, and take deep breaths.